Buyer Protection Authenticity Guarantee Why Chrono24? Australia  | AUD
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Montblanc Meisterstück Timewalker 43 Chronograph Automatik |...
TOP
Montblanc Meisterstück Timewalker 43 Chronograph Automatik |...
AU$ 4,357
Seller
Cassa watch
RU
Piaget MASSIVE 36mm 1970s 18KT WG AUTOMATIC CUFFLING SET BOX
TOP
Piaget MASSIVE 36mm 1970s 18KT WG AUTOMATIC CUFFLING SET BOX
AU$ 8,023
Free shipping
Seller
Watch Hunter
 
US
Cartier PVD/DLC Roadster XL Chronograph 48mm  - Automatic 3405...
TOP
Cartier PVD/DLC Roadster XL Chronograph 48mm - Automatic 3405...
AU$ 9,353
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
101
US
Omega Seamaster Cross Hair Automatic Gold Cap Steel Men Watch...
TOP
Omega Seamaster Cross Hair Automatic Gold Cap Steel Men Watch...
AU$ 1,280
Seller
Watch World Star
143
UK
UTS-München Adventure Automatic 500m
UTS-München Adventure Automatic 500m
AU$ 1,738
Seller
Private seller
AU
Frederique Constant Classics Automatic
Frederique Constant Classics Automatic
AU$ 1,779
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Panerai Luminor Submersible 1950 3 Days Automatic
Panerai Luminor Submersible 1950 3 Days Automatic
AU$ 7,000
Seller
Private seller
AU
Lanco Mint Langendorf 1960's Date 25 Jwl Automatic...
Lanco Mint Langendorf 1960's Date 25 Jwl Automatic...
AU$ 570
Seller
Hobart Town Antique Jewellery
AU
IWC Aquatimer Automatic 2000
IWC Aquatimer Automatic 2000
AU$ 3,878
Seller
Private seller
AU
Tissot Seastar 1000 Automatic T066.407.17.057.00
Tissot Seastar 1000 Automatic T066.407.17.057.00
AU$ 1,083
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Deep Blue Juggernaut IV Automatic Diver Watch Swiss Mvt Blue...
Deep Blue Juggernaut IV Automatic Diver Watch Swiss Mvt Blue...
AU$ 545
Free shipping
Seller
Watchpartners
AU
Creux Automatiq Ghost CA-01
Creux Automatiq Ghost CA-01
AU$ 3,199
Seller
Private seller
AU
Omega Seamaster Automatic Q/S Day Date Roll Gold Steel Mens Watch
TOP
Omega Seamaster Automatic Q/S Day Date Roll Gold Steel Mens Watch
AU$ 1,234
Seller
Watch World Star
143
UK
Omega 166.0202 S/S Automatic Date
Omega 166.0202 S/S Automatic Date
AU$ 1,137
Seller
The Watch Culture
AU
Frederique Constant Slimline Heart Beat Automatic
Frederique Constant Slimline Heart Beat Automatic
AU$ 3,140
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Control Phase de lune automatique
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Control Phase de lune automatique
AU$ 10,372
Seller
Bijouterie CBBO
8
FR
Bremont SOLO Chronometer Automatic Watch - Never Worn
Bremont SOLO Chronometer Automatic Watch - Never Worn
AU$ 3,500
Seller
Private seller
AU
Enicar RaRe AUTOMATIC Triple Date Moon Phase Bidynator ORIG; Dial
Enicar RaRe AUTOMATIC Triple Date Moon Phase Bidynator ORIG; Dial
AU$ 1,250
Seller
Hobart Town Antique Jewellery
AU
Tissot PRS 516 Automatic T044.430.26.051.00
Tissot PRS 516 Automatic T044.430.26.051.00
AU$ 801
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Omega Seamaster Automatic Chronograph
Omega Seamaster Automatic Chronograph
AU$ 3,050
Seller
Private seller
AU
Oris Artelier Automatic Small Second Pointer Day
Oris Artelier Automatic Small Second Pointer Day
AU$ 1,939
Seller
Private seller
AU
Longines Conquest Automatic Blue Dial Men's Watch
Longines Conquest Automatic Blue Dial Men's Watch
AU$ 1,100
Seller
Private seller
AU
Deep Blue New Diver 300 Automatic Watch 44mm S/steel Case...
Deep Blue New Diver 300 Automatic Watch 44mm S/steel Case...
AU$ 326
Free shipping
Seller
Watchpartners
AU
Frederique Constant Classics Index Automatic
Frederique Constant Classics Index Automatic
AU$ 1,338
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Cartier Santos Galbee 18k /S.S Automatic Ladies
Cartier Santos Galbee 18k /S.S Automatic Ladies
AU$ 2,541
Free shipping
Seller
The Watch Culture
AU
Omega Automatic Chronomètre Bumper
Omega Automatic Chronomètre Bumper
AU$ 5,273
Seller
Bijouterie CBBO
8
FR
Doxa Extra Handsome MINT Vintage 21 Jewel Automatic St.Steel 35m
Doxa Extra Handsome MINT Vintage 21 Jewel Automatic St.Steel 35m
AU$ 1,270
Seller
Hobart Town Antique Jewellery
AU
Tissot PRC 200 Automatic T055.430.16.017.00
Tissot PRC 200 Automatic T055.430.16.017.00
AU$ 818
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
IWC Vintage Ingenieur Automatic Rose Gold
IWC Vintage Ingenieur Automatic Rose Gold
AU$ 12,900
Seller
Watch Trader Pty Ltd
AU
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
AU$ 3,541
Seller
Gioielleria Mario Pendezza
18
IT
Omega automatic
Omega automatic
AU$ 1,259
Seller
CM Orologi
8
IT
Fortis Aviatis Pilot Classic Chronograph 41mm Swiss Automatic...
Fortis Aviatis Pilot Classic Chronograph 41mm Swiss Automatic...
AU$ 3,454
Free shipping
Seller
Watchpartners
AU
Frederique Constant Vintage Rally Healey Automatic
Frederique Constant Vintage Rally Healey Automatic
AU$ 2,754
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Zenith Respirator 28800 Automatic '70s Cal.2562PC
Zenith Respirator 28800 Automatic '70s Cal.2562PC
AU$ 1,538
Free shipping
Seller
The Watch Culture
AU
Rolex Submariner en Acier Automatique 14060M
Rolex Submariner en Acier Automatique 14060M
AU$ 9,759
Seller
Bijouterie CBBO
8
FR
Omega Seamaster Black Dial Automatic Steel 212.30.41.20.01.003
Omega Seamaster Black Dial Automatic Steel 212.30.41.20.01.003
AU$ 4,495
Seller
Zaeger Pty Ltd
AU
Tissot Seastar 1000 Automatic Chronograph T066.427.11.047.02
Tissot Seastar 1000 Automatic Chronograph T066.427.11.047.02
AU$ 2,030
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Omega Speedmaster Automatic 38mm
Omega Speedmaster Automatic 38mm
AU$ 2,750
Seller
Watch Trader Pty Ltd
AU
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
AU$ 3,305
Seller
Gioielleria Mario Pendezza
18
IT
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Stainless Steel Silvery White...
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Stainless Steel Silvery White...
AU$ 5,788
Seller
VIP WATCH & JEWELLERY
17
HK
Fortis Aviatis Pilot Classic Second 40mm Swiss Automatic Date...
Fortis Aviatis Pilot Classic Second 40mm Swiss Automatic Date...
AU$ 1,181
Free shipping
Seller
Watchpartners
AU
Frederique Constant Slimline Automatic
Frederique Constant Slimline Automatic
AU$ 2,668
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Omega Geneve Dynamic Vintage Automatic Men's
Omega Geneve Dynamic Vintage Automatic Men's
AU$ 1,003
Free shipping
Seller
The Watch Culture
AU
Chanel J12 Automatique Index Diamants
Chanel J12 Automatique Index Diamants
AU$ 6,910
Seller
Bijouterie CBBO
8
FR
Rolex Daytona Chocolate Automatic Black Leather Mens Watch 116515
Rolex Daytona Chocolate Automatic Black Leather Mens Watch 116515
AU$ 33,990
Seller
Zaeger Pty Ltd
AU
Tissot Heritage 160th Navigator Automatic T078.641.16.057.00
Tissot Heritage 160th Navigator Automatic T078.641.16.057.00
AU$ 2,032
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Tudor Style 38mm Automatic
Tudor Style 38mm Automatic
AU$ 2,695
Seller
Watch Trader Pty Ltd
AU
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
Baume & Mercier Clifton Club Automatic
AU$ 3,069
Seller
Gioielleria Mario Pendezza
18
IT
Franck Muller Vanguard Stainless Steel Gray Automatic V 45 Sc...
TOP
Franck Muller Vanguard Stainless Steel Gray Automatic V 45 Sc...
AU$ 6,250
Seller
VIP WATCH & JEWELLERY
17
HK
Fortis Aquatis Diver Black 42mm Swiss Automatic Watch Pvd Case...
Fortis Aquatis Diver Black 42mm Swiss Automatic Watch Pvd Case...
AU$ 1,999
Free shipping
Seller
Watchpartners
AU
Frederique Constant Slimline Automatic
Frederique Constant Slimline Automatic
AU$ 3,132
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
TAG Heuer Formular 1 Cal.16 Chronograph Automatic CAU2012
TAG Heuer Formular 1 Cal.16 Chronograph Automatic CAU2012
AU$ 3,009
Free shipping
Seller
The Watch Culture
AU
Vacheron Constantin Overseas automatique 37 mm
Vacheron Constantin Overseas automatique 37 mm
AU$ 10,530
Seller
Bijouterie CBBO
8
FR
Chanel J12 Diamonds and Ceramic Automatic Unisex Watch H1422
Chanel J12 Diamonds and Ceramic Automatic Unisex Watch H1422
AU$ 36,421
Seller
Zaeger Pty Ltd
AU
Tissot T-Race Automatic Chrono LE T011.414.16.032.00
Tissot T-Race Automatic Chrono LE T011.414.16.032.00
AU$ 2,420
Seller
iHodinarstvi.cz
21
CZ
Montblanc Heritage Spirit Automatic
Montblanc Heritage Spirit Automatic
AU$ 2,350
Seller
Watch Trader Pty Ltd
AU
Chronoswiss Imperator Automatic
TOP
Chronoswiss Imperator Automatic
AU$ 5,120
Seller
Deluxe ( Asia ) Ltd
11
HK
Franck Muller Vanguard 18k Rose Gold Gold Automatic V 45 Sc Dt...
TOP
Franck Muller Vanguard 18k Rose Gold Gold Automatic V 45 Sc Dt...
AU$ 18,339
Seller
VIP WATCH & JEWELLERY
17
HK
Deep Blue Master Explorer 1000 Automatic Diving Watch 1000m Wr...
Deep Blue Master Explorer 1000 Automatic Diving Watch 1000m Wr...
AU$ 454
Free shipping
Seller
Watchpartners
AU
Frederique Constant Delight Automatic
Frederique Constant Delight Automatic
AU$ 3,140
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Omega Constellation Automatic Ref. 14381 Pie Pan Dial
Omega Constellation Automatic Ref. 14381 Pie Pan Dial
AU$ 1,498
Seller
Best Deals HD
 
US
IWC Chronographe Automatique "Portugaise" Acier
IWC Chronographe Automatique "Portugaise" Acier
AU$ 8,641
Seller
Bijouterie CBBO
8
FR

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.