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Franck Muller V 45 T Gravity CS Yachting 5N.BL
TOP
Franck Muller V 45 T Gravity CS Yachting 5N.BL
AU$ 110,487
Seller
VI Watch Guy
71
VI
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
AU$ 73,024
Seller
LUXE WARE (HK) LIMITED
43
HK
Tudor Submariner Snowflake Ref. 9401/0
TOP
Tudor Submariner Snowflake Ref. 9401/0
AU$ 12,505
Seller
chronostars
5
AT
Alpina Startimer Pilot Automatic
Alpina Startimer Pilot Automatic
AU$ 888
Seller
JOYCE JEWELLERY
6
AU
Tudor Classic Date stainless steel and yellow gold, full set
TOP
Tudor Classic Date stainless steel and yellow gold, full set
AU$ 6,787
Seller
My Local Time
 
CH
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
AU$ 19,500
Seller
ELITADIAMONDS
AU
Hublot King Power F1 India,  Ltd Edition, Box & Papers
TOP
Hublot King Power F1 India, Ltd Edition, Box & Papers
AU$ 31,791
Seller
Tempvs Ltd
99
UK
Rolex Daytona Black PVD/DLC Coated Stainless Steel Watch 116520
TOP
Rolex Daytona Black PVD/DLC Coated Stainless Steel Watch 116520
AU$ 25,550
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Hublot Big Bang Chronograph 44mm Limited Edition XX/10
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Chronograph 44mm Limited Edition XX/10
AU$ 14,178
Seller
Joaillerie Royale
473
BE
IWC Pilot's Watch  Flieger Chronograph Ceramic / English...
TOP
IWC Pilot's Watch Flieger Chronograph Ceramic / English...
AU$ 29,630
Seller
Private Seller
 
AU
Rolex Datejust 31 MOP Ref. 178274
TOP
Rolex Datejust 31 MOP Ref. 178274
AU$ 14,337
Seller
Steiner Maastricht
121
NL
Bulgari Octo Finissimo Microtor  Ultrapiatto 40mm Pink Gold 18K T
TOP
Bulgari Octo Finissimo Microtor Ultrapiatto 40mm Pink Gold 18K T
AU$ 53,286
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2658
IT
Alpina Alpiner
Alpina Alpiner
AU$ 2,400
Seller
JOYCE JEWELLERY
6
AU
Rolex Day-Date 40 Diamond Watch
Rolex Day-Date 40 Diamond Watch
AU$ 75,000
Seller
ELITADIAMONDS
AU
Glashütte Original Glashutte Original PanomaticReserve...
TOP
Glashütte Original Glashutte Original PanomaticReserve...
AU$ 34,391
Seller
Metals In Time
5
US
Hublot 301.sx.130.rx
TOP
Hublot 301.sx.130.rx
AU$ 20,718
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Rolex Vintage 1952 Oyster Perpetual 30mm 6548 14k Rose Gold SS...
TOP
Rolex Vintage 1952 Oyster Perpetual 30mm 6548 14k Rose Gold SS...
AU$ 6,340
Seller
GMTSKY
342
US
Patek Philippe Perpetual Calendar
TOP
Patek Philippe Perpetual Calendar
AU$ 75,000
Seller
Private Seller
 
AU
Rolex Sky-Dweller NEW Ref. 326933
TOP
Rolex Sky-Dweller NEW Ref. 326933
AU$ 22,701
Seller
Steiner Maastricht
121
NL
Bulgari Carbon Gold Automatic 40mm Blue Dial T  102634
TOP
Bulgari Carbon Gold Automatic 40mm Blue Dial T 102634
AU$ 3,025
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2658
IT
Perrelet Turbine XS A2046/1
Perrelet Turbine XS A2046/1
AU$ 4,200
Seller
JOYCE JEWELLERY
6
AU
Montblanc Bohème Perpetual Calendar, full set
TOP
Montblanc Bohème Perpetual Calendar, full set
AU$ 17,868
Seller
My Local Time
 
CH
Franck Muller Vanguard Diamond Watch
Franck Muller Vanguard Diamond Watch
AU$ 40,000
Seller
ELITADIAMONDS
AU
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Hometime Rose Gold 230.2.77
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Hometime Rose Gold 230.2.77
AU$ 15,054
Seller
Filipucci Juweliers
411
NL
Rolex Datejust 31mm Oyster Silver Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 68274
TOP
Rolex Datejust 31mm Oyster Silver Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 68274
AU$ 10,357
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
A. Lange & Söhne Langematik Perpetual English dial
TOP
A. Lange & Söhne Langematik Perpetual English dial
AU$ 82,679
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
397
UK
Panerai Luminor 1950 3 Days GMT Automatic
TOP
Panerai Luminor 1950 3 Days GMT Automatic
AU$ 8,300
Seller
Private Seller
 
AU
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
TOP
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
AU$ 3,903
Seller
Classic Watch
17
DE
Hublot Big Bang Carbon Bezel Baguette 24000€ HT
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Carbon Bezel Baguette 24000€ HT
AU$ 45,880
Seller
RIVIERAWATCH
79
FR
Alpina Startimer Pilot Automatic
Alpina Startimer Pilot Automatic
AU$ 2,100
Seller
JOYCE JEWELLERY
6
AU
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1297 Titane
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1297 Titane
AU$ 93,193
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Rolex Sky-Dweller Diamond Watch
Rolex Sky-Dweller Diamond Watch
AU$ 65,000
Seller
ELITADIAMONDS
AU
Rolex Unpolished 1993 TT Datejust Factory Blue Dial w/ Rolex Box
TOP
Rolex Unpolished 1993 TT Datejust Factory Blue Dial w/ Rolex Box
AU$ 5,380
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
165
US
Rolex Datejust 36mm Dark Grey Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
TOP
Rolex Datejust 36mm Dark Grey Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
AU$ 9,943
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Breguet Hora Mundi 5727
TOP
Breguet Hora Mundi 5727
AU$ 72,802
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
397
UK
Breitling Superocean Héritage 46
TOP
Breitling Superocean Héritage 46
AU$ 3,800
Seller
Private Seller
 
AU
Audemars Piguet QE II Cup Ref-15334OROO 18k Rose Gold Limited...
TOP
Audemars Piguet QE II Cup Ref-15334OROO 18k Rose Gold Limited...
AU$ 24,501
Seller
Bachmann & Scher
40
DE
Ulysse Nardin Classico Automatic All Stianless Steel 8103-116-...
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Classico Automatic All Stianless Steel 8103-116-...
AU$ 4,771
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
89
NL
Rolex Datejust
Rolex Datejust
AU$ 6,313
Seller
JOYCE JEWELLERY
6
AU
F.P.Journe Octa Calendrier Platinum LE NEW
TOP
F.P.Journe Octa Calendrier Platinum LE NEW
AU$ 66,908
Seller
Noblesse LP
55
UK
Richard Mille RM 011
Richard Mille RM 011
AU$ 190,000
Seller
ELITADIAMONDS
AU
Rolex Oyster Perpetual 36 Ref. 116000 Zifferblatt Silber A
TOP
Rolex Oyster Perpetual 36 Ref. 116000 Zifferblatt Silber A
AU$ 7,089
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
324
DE
Rolex Datejust 36mm Silver String Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
TOP
Rolex Datejust 36mm Silver String Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
AU$ 9,943
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Oris Artelier Translucent Skeleton
TOP
Oris Artelier Translucent Skeleton
AU$ 2,820
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
397
UK
Junghans Max Bill Automatic
Junghans Max Bill Automatic
AU$ 900
Seller
Private Seller
AU
Omega De Ville Platinum Co-Axial Limited Rattrapante 41mm
TOP
Omega De Ville Platinum Co-Axial Limited Rattrapante 41mm
AU$ 20,710
Seller
KROMINI GOLD IMPEX S.R.L
29
RO
Chaumet Sports Class One 39 Automatic Date W 17281
TOP
Chaumet Sports Class One 39 Automatic Date W 17281
AU$ 2,151
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
89
NL
Alpina Startimer Pilot Manufacture
Alpina Startimer Pilot Manufacture
AU$ 2,200
Seller
JOYCE JEWELLERY
6
AU
F.P.Journe Octa Quantieme Perpetuel NEW
TOP
F.P.Journe Octa Quantieme Perpetuel NEW
AU$ 85,633
Seller
Noblesse LP
55
UK
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Blue Dial Frosted Limted 200 Pieces
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Blue Dial Frosted Limted 200 Pieces
AU$ 85,000
Seller
ELITADIAMONDS
AU
Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Dark 79230DK Lederband
TOP
Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Dark 79230DK Lederband
AU$ 4,524
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
324
DE
Rolex Datejust 31mm Black Diamond Dial 68273
TOP
Rolex Datejust 31mm Black Diamond Dial 68273
AU$ 8,286
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Glashütte Original PanoMaticLunar
TOP
Glashütte Original PanoMaticLunar
AU$ 12,617
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
397
UK
Sinn 556A (with Steel Bracelet & Leather Strap)
Sinn 556A (with Steel Bracelet & Leather Strap)
AU$ 1,100
Seller
Private Seller
AU
IWC Big Ingenieur 7 Days Platinum Limited to 500 pcs.45.5mm
TOP
IWC Big Ingenieur 7 Days Platinum Limited to 500 pcs.45.5mm
AU$ 27,878
Seller
KROMINI GOLD IMPEX S.R.L
29
RO
Chopard Mille Miglia Monaco Historique 2010 box & papers complete
TOP
Chopard Mille Miglia Monaco Historique 2010 box & papers complete
AU$ 7,076
Seller
Vintage & Prestige
18
UK
Epos 3425
Epos 3425
AU$ 780
Seller
JOYCE JEWELLERY
6
AU
Rolex GMT Master 6542 Stella dial gold 18KT  Full Set 1957th
TOP
Rolex GMT Master 6542 Stella dial gold 18KT Full Set 1957th
Price on request
Seller
Watches Management
24
IT
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
AU$ 70,000
Seller
ELITADIAMONDS
AU
Panerai Radiomir Chronograph 42 mm Ref. PAM00369
TOP
Panerai Radiomir Chronograph 42 mm Ref. PAM00369
AU$ 8,953
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
324
DE
Rolex Datejust 36mm Ice Blue MOP Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
TOP
Rolex Datejust 36mm Ice Blue MOP Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
AU$ 9,943
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
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Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

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